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09 Mar

History of Coffee in India

Chikkamagaluru is the coffee hub of India, it is also one of the popular tourist destinations in Karnataka. According to historians, the first coffee seed was sown about 350 years ago on the slopes of Baba Budan Giri Hills that lies on the western ghats of the Chikkamagaluru region.

A popular tale says that Baba Budan also known as 'Hazarat Shah Janab Allah Magatabi' smuggled seven coffee seeds from Mecca when he was returning from the pilgrimage. He sowed the seeds in the garden that was near to his cave in Chandragiri, the Baba Budan Giri Hills is named after this seer. In ancient days the hill was called Chandra Drona and now it is popularly known as Baba Budan Giri Hills.

Karnataka is the largest coffee-producing state in India and it accounted for 70.4 percent of total coffee production in India in 2021.

Indian coffee is cultivated in shades rather than direct sunlight is found one of the finest coffee in the world. Arabica and Robusta are the two major coffee varieties grown in India.

Coffee is cultivated covering an area of about 85,465 hectares of upper hills and lower hills. Arabica is mostly grown in upper hills whereas Robusta is grown in lower hills.

Monsoon Malabar coffee is a locally processed coffee variety. The seeds are extracted from the coffee plants grown in the southern India region under rainfall conditions and hence it is termed “Indian Monsooned Coffee”. This variety is popular among local people due to its unique taste.

The coffee beans are mostly processed naturally, the raw beans are exposed to annual monsoon rains that last for about 3 to 4 months. This lowers the acidity in the beans and adds a unique flavor to the coffee